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Personal Independence Payment (PIP)

Photo: Your child can claim PIP even if they’re working or studying, and it’s not affected by income or savings

Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a disability benefit for people aged 16-65 who have a disability that means they have difficulty with daily living or getting around.

There are two parts to PIP – the daily living component and the mobility (getting around) component. It’s possible for deaf people to claim both parts even if they don’t have any physical difficulties walking.

Your child can claim PIP regardless of whether they’re working or studying, and it’s not affected by how much they earn, or the level of savings they have.

It’s not taxed, or counted as income when other benefits are worked out.

There aren’t any rules or restrictions on what they can spend the PIP payments on.

Daily living component

This looks at day-to-day activities your child might find difficult because of their deafness. For each activity there’s a list of difficulties, called descriptors. Each descriptor has a number of points, and your child scores points according to which descriptor applies to them for each activity.

Your child needs to score eight points to qualify for the standard rate (£57.30 a week) and 12 points to get the enhanced rate (£85.60 a week) daily living component.

The activities looked at in the PIP form are:

  • preparing food
  • taking nutrition
  • managing therapy or monitoring a health condition
  • washing and bathing
  • managing toilet needs or incontinence
  • dressing and undressing
  • communicating verbally
  • reading and understanding signs, symbols and words
  • engaging with other people face-to-face
  • making budgeting decisions.

Mobility component

This looks at problems your child might have with:

  • planning and following journeys
  • moving around.

Like with the daily living component, there are descriptors for each activity.

Your child needs to score eight points to qualify for the standard rate (£22.65 a week) and 12 points to get the enhanced rate (£59.75 a week) mobility component.

For more detailed information about the PIP descriptors, download Supporting your child with filling in the 'How your disability affects you' questionnaire (PIP2).

What happened to Disability Living Allowance (DLA)?

PIP has been gradually replacing DLA for adults since April 2013. If your child is 16 or over and is currently claiming DLA they don’t need to do anything until the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) contacts them and invites them to claim PIP.